Navajyothi and CWS, NABARD together works to encourage Non-Pesticide Methods (NPM) in Agriculture as a part of watershed development along with CWS project to achieve greater results. Apart from trainings in collaboration with Indira Kranthi Pathakam, iImplementation is given major importance. This year 150 hectors of paddy is reduced in to 75 hectors .
These crops are cultivated using NPM and vermi compost. Apart from this, 50 formers form Milaram have been taken for an exposure visit to Janajagruthi NGO working at Ananthapur District, this has helped the farmers in understanding the NPM methods and use them in their agriculture. Under Social Regulation Project Navajyothi has surveyed the Current Connection facilities for farmers to bore wells and open wells. After analysis it was found that 45 farmers do not have electricity connection for their bore wells causing loss in agriculture. Hence it was decided that these farmers should have electricity connection for their bore wells and as contribution farmers should bear 50% of the cost and rest 50% will be borne by Navajyothi from the project. All farmers agreed to this arrangement of sharing the costs and the process is going on. In the survey it was also found that 30 farmers having electric motor connection do not have capacitors and Navjyothi has decided to provide capacitors for these farmers free of cost from Project.
For effective usage of water by the farmers, Navajyothi initiated drip irrigation and sprinklers system among the farmers. Three farmers, whose land is adjacent were made into one group and provided one sprinkler set and like this there are 39 groups of farmers in Mailaram village of Chinnakodur Mandal of Medak District and these 117 members are sharing 39 bore wells. Three farmers are sharing 1 bore well and are provided with sprinkler sets for effective usage. Digging of new bore wells are banned in the village, flow irrigation is reduced and sprinkler irrigation is advocated in 79 hectors of land chilli, beans, vegetables and ground nuts crops are being cultivated. Apart from all these Navajyothi is interested in Water levels of bore wells in this village. Water levels in bore wells are constantly checked by selecting ten bore wells from the four corners of the village and water levels are checked on 20th of every month and record is being maintained at Gram Panchayath office of Milaram village. To improve the village amenities, Navajyothi took up Construction of a mini water tank of 40,000 litre capacity for 20 families, Four animal water troughs to satisfy the village needs were constructed and six dustbins were set up in the village with a public contribution of 25% as labour and rest 75% from the project. Garbage collection rikshaw was provided to Gram panchayath to maintain clean village.
14 vermi compost units are being maintained in four villages for inculcating the habit of NPM methods. 80 families were supported with Kitchen gardening and 25 families for Back yard Plantation. A labour group took loan from bank to establish a flour mill and this is used for production of NPM solutions earning profits. Vennela group started a nursery with 65,000 plants. Department of Horticulture recognized the nursery and placed an order for 30,000 mango plants. Livelihood action plan was done in four watershed villages and 81 poorest of the poor were identified and financing them is under process.
Mr.Nimmala Rajaiahm his wife Mrs. Yellava are living in Yellaipalle village of Chinnakodur mandal with their 9 children. They had 4 acres of land in which 2.20 acres is non fertile land. All their sons were engaged as agricultural labor and female children were working as daily labour is small industries. They were in deep economical crisis during the period their health was troubling them. After Navajyothi identified the village for watershed activities their life started to turn around. All of them used to work for watershed and use to earn 4800 to 5000 per week. They were able to clear their debts started to live with little peace. Then NABARD decided to support this family with kitchen gardening. They were given seeds like bottle guard, tomato, beans, etc. They used their open place in their residence and grew them with care using the NPM techniques. Slowly they started to take yields. Within two months they took tomato yields which were two to three times the yield of others. Their house surroundings changed and it looks green, their health problems vanished because of clean surroundings. Mr and Mrs.Rajaiah thanked Navajyothi for the efforts and foreseen a good environment for future generations.
The same way there are many examples and case studies in watershed villages. In some villages NPM techniques were implemented with the help of CWS.